QAre all the seeds you alter genetically patented by you and require man-made chemicals and licences to grow? If so, how sustainable is our future if a corporation OWNS the seeds of life inherited to us on this planet? If GMOs are natural then how is that

Are all the seeds you alter genetically patented by you and require man-made chemicals and licences to grow? If so, how sustainable is our future if a corporation OWNS the seeds of life inherited to us on this planet? If GMOs are natural then how is that not owning nature itself? How is that different than let's say trying to own water or the air simply by manipulating it through bio-engineering?

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Posted on February 28, 2018
We would like to address your question in two parts. We will explain exactly what a GMO is and then explain what foods are “turned into GMOs” - otherwise known as what crops are genetically modified. WHAT IS A GMO? When people refer to Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), they are referring to precision plant breeding using genetic engineering. It allows plant breeders to take a desirable trait (like resistance to drought, insects, weeds, and disease)... Read More
Answer:
Posted on February 28, 2018
Hello, and thanks for your question. Scientists add (and sometimes subtract) DNA from plants all the time, but mostly this is done to learn how plants work. There are relatively few examples of DNA being added to improve crops, but the exceptions are notable as they've had a big impact on agriculture. The most important strings of DNA are called genes. Two very commonly added genes are 1) insect resistance via a gene called CRY, from Bacillus thuringiensis, and 2) herbicide tolerance... Read More
Posted on March 1, 2018
Production of genetically engineered plants, aka, plant transformation, is probably one of the safest techniques in a science laboratory. In fact, plant transformation in a lab is safer than most home kitchens. Most genetic modification that takes place these days is done through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Agrobacterium is a very common soil bacterium (using horizontal gene transfer to cause tumors in plants) and is not a human pathogen. Occasionally, particle bombardment is also... Read More