Community Manager


Community Manager

Moderator for

The GMO Answers Community Manager is the website moderator who helps answer your questions by linking to resources on GMO Answers and other online content which addresses GMOs and biotechnology. The Community Manager also ensures the dialogue among the community members remains constructive and respective of all viewpoints. If you have questions about how the community is managed, please visit our house rules,

From this Expert

Posted on: July 4, 2018
Response from Community Manager, Moderator for • July 30, 2018
Thank you for your questions, we will address each question separately below. How is a transgenic organism or GMO created? When people refer to Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), they are referring to precision plant breeding using genetic engineering. It allows plant breeders to take a desirable trait (like resistance to drought, insects, weeds, and disease) from one plant or organism and transfer it to the plant they want to improve, as well as make... Read More
Posted on: May 28, 2018
Response from Community Manager, Moderator for • June 28, 2018
We have answered similar questions about GMOs being “good” or “bad.” This response addresses the positives and benefits that GMOs offer. A snippet is included below: “GMOs are considered an important tool in addressing complex issues around the globe. From environmental sustainability to nutritional benefits, we’ve outlined many of the important ways GMOs can provided benefits to farmers, consumers and the environment in this response. Additionally,... Read More
Posted on: May 22, 2018
Response from Community Manager, Moderator for • June 25, 2018
Connie Diekman, Med, RD, D, FADA, explains the effects of GMOs on the human body in a response to a similar question. Read the full response. “First, the Food and Drug Administration has set forth guidelines related to the use of GMOs, and in those documents they reference the science that indicates food developed through biotechnology are digested in the same manner as other foods and therefore provide the same nutrition, or in some cases more nutrition (if the goal of... Read More
Posted on: May 20, 2018
Response from Community Manager, Moderator for • June 25, 2018
Thank you for your question and interest, it is great you are a supporter of sciences. The traditional home gardening seed outlets do not sell/market/offer GMO crop seeds, one would have to work through a grower seed dealer/distributor, which would require appropriate licensing and a contract agreement. So anyone can purchase GM seed varieties – it simply requires going through a farm supply company, getting the required licensing and signing a contract. But typical gardener retail... Read More
Posted on: April 18, 2018
Response from Community Manager, Moderator for • June 11, 2018
GMO Answers provides the facts that answer questions related to biotechnology, GM crops and agriculture. We work to ensure that the content and answers provided by experts and companies are accurate and therefore do not present opinions about GMOs, simply facts. GMO Answers is a community focused on constructive discussion about GMOs in order to have open conversations about agriculture and GMOs. This website is funded by the Council for Biotechnology Information. The Council... Read More

STUDY: Community composition and functions of endophytic bacteria of Bt maize

By Community Manager (CBI) on August 6, 2018

We investigated the potential effects of genetic modification of Bt maize on the community composition and functions of bacterial endophytes associated with transgenic maize (Bt MON 810) in comparison with its isogenic parental line at two developmental stages. Bacterial isolates were obtained from transgenic (Bt) and non-transgenic (non-Bt) maize at 50- and 90-day-old developmental stages. Isolated bacterial endophytes were screened for their capabilities in phosphate solubilisation, nitrogen fixation, production of antifungal metabolites and production of indole acetic acid. After molecular identification, 60 isolates were obtained and clustered into 19 and 18 operational taxonomic units from 50- and 90-day-old maize, respectively. The isolates belonged to the genera Bacillus, Pantoea, Serratia, Yersinia, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter and Stenotrophomonas. Functional attributes and diversity of the isolated endophytes at both developmental stages were not significantly different for both maize varieties. However, functional attributes were significantly affected by plant growth stage. Isolates from younger plants were more efficient producers of indole acetic acid, but exhibited little or no capabilities for nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilisation and antifungal activity in both maize genotypes. Based on these outcomes, Bt modification in maize does not seem to affect the community composition or functional attributes of bacterial endophytes.

STUDY: Consumer Trends in the Food and Beverage Industry

By Community Manager (CBI) on May 18, 2018

According to a survey of more than 2,200 American adults by research firm Morning Consult for consumer trends in the beverage and food market, Americans find food and drinks more appealing if they are labeled “fresh” or “farm fresh”. The words “diet” and “vegan” are shopping turn-offs, with around a third of consumers saying those labels make food items less appealing. The survey also found that American consumers have not been greatly impacted by relentless campaigns against genetically modified foods, which have been shown to be perfectly safe time and time again.

STUDY: 2018 Food and Health Survey

By Community Manager (CBI) on May 16, 2018

The International Food Information Council (IFIC) Foundation’s 2018 Food and Health Survey marks the 13th time the IFIC Foundation has surveyed American consumers to understand their perceptions, beliefs and behaviors around food and food purchasing decisions. This year, the survey continues an examination of issues related to health and diet, food components, food production, and food safety. It also explores new topics, such as food insecurity, diets and eating patterns, and how consumers’ diets compare to dietary guidelines and expert recommendations.

STUDY: An overview of the last 10 years of genetically engineered crop safety research

By Community Manager (CBI) on April 5, 2018

The technology to produce genetically engineered (GE) plants is celebrating its 30th anniversary and one of the major achievements has been the development of GE crops. The safety of GE crops is crucial for their adoption and has been the object of intense research work often ignored in the public debate. We have reviewed the scientific literature on GE crop safety during the last 10 years, built a classified and manageable list of scientific papers, and analyzed the distribution and composition of the published literature

STUDY: Impacts of GMO corn: A meta analysis

By Community Manager (CBI) on February 20, 2018

Despite the extensive cultivation of genetically engineered (GE) maize and considerable number of scientific reports on its agro-environmental impact, the risks and benefits of GE maize are still being debated and concerns about safety remain. This meta-analysis aimed at increasing knowledge on agronomic, environmental and toxicological traits of GE maize by analyzing the peer-reviewed literature (from 1996 to 2016) on yield, grain quality, non-target organisms (NTOs), target organisms (TOs) and soil biomass decomposition.

STUDY: The allergenicity of genetically modified foods from genetically engineered crops

By Community Manager (CBI) on February 15, 2018

This article describes how GM crops are produced, how GM crops are tested, and how allergies are tested and future directions for testing and GM products and presents a systematic review on GM products and their potential for allergenicity

STUDY: Biotech crop planting resumes high adoption in 2016

By Community Manager (CBI) on February 13, 2018

The global area of biotech crops in 2016 increased from 179.7 million hectares to 185.1 million hectares, a 3% increase equivalent to 5.4 million hectares.

STUDY: There Is “Little Doubt” About the Promised Bounty of Genetically Modified Crops

By Community Manager (CBI) on January 19, 2018

Genetically modified (GM) crops are plants in which DNA has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally through plant breeding. Genetic engineering transfers selected individual genes within or across plant species to produce plants with targeted characteristics. Some have questioned whether GM crops have been responsible for increased crop yields. Comparing US yields to European Union yields (where GM crops are banned) provides evidence that GM technologies have increased crop yields. Agricultural yields have increased over the past several decades. But, such increases are not fait accompli. Rather, they result from the development of new technologies. Banning yield-enhancing technologies means that food crop production will be lower than would otherwise be the case, and more water, land, and other inputs will be needed to increase global food production.