Studies and Articles

There is an abundance of information about GMOs and biotechnology in agriculture available to consumers. On the internet, in news outlets, and peer-reviewed journals, there are many articles, blog posts, studies, infographics, and videos about a variety of topics related to GMOs. Here, we’ll look to bring these resources together for you, providing content from our GMO Answers experts and other contributors who will discuss current events in media, simplify complicated study findings, and demystify the science behind GMOs.

 

Read more below, or use the site-wide search box above to search for a particular topic.

 

Note: The viewpoints expressed by our contributors are their own and do not necessarily represent those of the Council for Biotechnology Information.

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STUDY: What Does Science Say About GMOs – They’re Safe

By Community Manager (CBI) on Wednesday, 11/08/2017 10:08 am

  • Environment
  • GMO Basics
  • Health & Safety
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STUDY: A Decade of EU-funded GMO Research

By Community Manager (CBI) on Tuesday, 11/07/2017 4:15 pm

  • Environment
  • GMO Basics
  • GMOs Globally
  • Health & Safety
  • Modern Agriculture
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STUDY: An overview of the last 10 years of genetically engineered crop safety research

By Community Manager (CBI) on Monday, 11/06/2017 3:44 pm

The technology to produce genetically engineered (GE) plants is celebrating its 30th anniversary and one of the major achievements has been the development of GE crops. The safety of GE crops is crucial for their adoption and has been the object of intense research work often ignored in the public debate. We have reviewed the scientific literature on GE crop safety during the last 10 years, built a classified and manageable list of scientific papers, and analyzed the distribution and composition of the published literature. We selected original research papers, reviews, relevant opinions and reports addressing all the major issues that emerged in the debate on GE crops, trying to catch the scientific consensus that has matured since GE plants became widely cultivated worldwide. The scientific research conducted so far has not detected any significant hazards directly connected with the use of GE crops; however, the debate is still intense. An improvement in the efficacy of scientific communication could have a significant impact on the future of agricultural GE. Our collection of scientific records is available to researchers, communicators and teachers at all levels to help create an informed, balanced public perception on the important issue of GE use in agriculture.
  • Environment
  • GMO Basics
  • GMOs & Farmers
  • Health & Safety
  • Modern Agriculture
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STUDY: Omega-6 and omega-3 oxylipins are implicated in soybean oil-induced obesity in mice

By Community Manager (CBI) on Tuesday, 10/10/2017 6:05 pm

Soybean oil consumption is increasing worldwide and parallels a rise in obesity. Rich in unsaturated fats, especially linoleic acid, soybean oil is assumed to be healthy, and yet it induces obesity, diabetes, insulin resistance, and fatty liver in mice. Here, we show that the genetically modified soybean oil Plenish, which came on the U.S. market in 2014 and is low in linoleic acid, induces less obesity than conventional soybean oil in C57BL/6 male mice. Proteomic analysis of the liver reveals global differences in hepatic proteins when comparing diets rich in the two soybean oils, coconut oil, and a low-fat diet. Metabolomic analysis of the liver and plasma shows a positive correlation between obesity and hepatic C18 oxylipin metabolites of omega-6 (ω6) and omega-3 (ω3) fatty acids (linoleic and α-linolenic acid, respectively) in the cytochrome P450/soluble epoxide hydrolase pathway. While Plenish induced less insulin resistance than conventional soybean oil, it resulted in hepatomegaly and liver dysfunction as did olive oil, which has a similar fatty acid composition. These results implicate a new class of compounds in diet-induced obesity–C18 epoxide and diol oxylipins.
  • GMO Basics
  • GMOs in Groceries
  • How GMOs Are Made
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STUDY: Crops that kill pests by shutting off their genes

By Community Manager (CBI) on Tuesday, 9/05/2017 4:46 pm

Plants are among many eukaryotes that can 'turn off' one or more of their genes by using a process called RNA interference to block protein translation. Researchers are now weaponizing this by engineering crops to produce specific RNA fragments that, upon ingestion by insects, initiate RNA interference to shut down a target gene essential for life or reproduction, killing or sterilizing the insects.
  • Environment
  • GMO Basics
  • GMOs & Farmers
  • How GMOs Are Made
  • Pesticides
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STUDY: New report highlights 20 years of economic and environmental benefits from using biotech/GM crops

By Graham Brookes (Independent Expert) on Monday, 6/05/2017 10:49 am

A new report released today by PG Economics has found that over the last 20 years, crop biotechnology has significantly reduced agriculture’s environmental impact and stimulated economic growth in the 26 countries where the technology is used. The innovative agricultural technology has contributed to preserving the earth’s natural resources while allowing farmers to grow more, high quality crops. It has also helped alleviate poverty for 16.5 million, mostly smallholder farmers, in developing countries.
  • Environment
  • GMOs Globally
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STUDY: Biotech/GM Crops Surge to a New Peak of 185.1 Million Hectares in 2016

By Community Manager (CBI) on Tuesday, 5/30/2017 9:25 am

Global GMO crop production was up in 2016, a new report from ISAAA shows. Click here to learn more about this report.
  • Environment
  • GMOs & Farmers
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