QWhen were GMOs first introduced to the food supply?

When were GMOs first introduced to the food supply?

AExpert Answer

While nearly all foods today have been genetically modified or altered in some way over thousands of years through selective breeding, there are only nine commercially available GMO crops in the U.S: soybeans, corn (field and sweet), canola, cotton, alfalfa, sugar beets, summer squash, papaya and potatoes.

 

GMO apples have also been approved to be grown and will be coming to market soon. The chart below explains why each of the nine GMO crops – which are commercially available today – are genetically modified:

 

 

When were GMOs first introduced to the food supply?

 

 

Below is a table outlining what year the nine crops became commercially available:

 

Squash 1995

Cotton 1996

Soybean 1995

Corn 1996

Papaya 1997

Alfalfa 2006

Sugar beets 2006

Canola 1999

Potato 2016

 

These nine are the only GMO crops that are commercially available, but it is also important to note that many of these crops are ingredients in other types of food you may find in your local grocery store.

Posted on June 25, 2018
Thank you for your question and interest, it is great you are a supporter of sciences. The traditional home gardening seed outlets do not sell/market/offer GMO crop seeds, one would have to work through a grower seed dealer/distributor, which would require appropriate licensing and a contract agreement. So anyone can purchase GM seed varieties – it simply requires going through a farm supply company, getting the required licensing and signing a contract. But typical gardener retail... Read More
Posted on February 18, 2018
Plant breeding technologies have systematically increased variation in major food crops by using a variety of scientific tools, such as crossing, mutation, genetics and statistics. Take corn, the most produced grain in the world, as an example. Numerous varieties of field corn, sweet corn and popcorn have been developed through plant breeding technologies. From hundreds of varieties, farmers choose the best ones suited for their soils, climates and cultivation systems to grow in their areas...
Posted on February 18, 2018
For more information on plant breeding techniques we invite you to check out the below similar questions that have been answered before. Kevin Folta, Professor and Chairman, Horticultural Sciences Department, University of Florida, discusses the cross-pollination and reproduction of plants in this response. A snippet is included below. “A species is defined by the ability to reproduce viable offspring, so any two plants within a species generally have the potential to cross pollinate.... Read More