QI'm trying to avoid conflicts of interest so I was just wondering if all the scientists who test the long terms safety issues of gmos work for Monsanto?

I'm trying to avoid conflicts of interest so I was just wondering if all the scientists who test the long terms safety issues of gmos work for Monsanto?

AExpert Answer

No.  Many studies are performed by independent scientists.  In fact, a 2012 literature review by Snell et al provides a good summary of feeding studies with diets containing large amounts of GMO-derived ingredients (Snell C, Bernheim A, Bergé JB, Kuntz M, Pascal G, Paris A, Ricroch AE. 2012. Assessment of the health impact of GM plant diets in long-term and multigenerational animal feeding trials: a literature review. Food Chem Toxicol. 50:1134-48). 


 This paper also includes a section specifically devoted to long-term studies and provides funding information for each of these studies.  Independent scientists performed all of these studies, and most of the studies were independently funded as well.  However, only 50% of the studies list the funding sources, so we can only verify that those studies were independently funded.


It is also worth noting that feeding studies on our products that are submitted to regulators and are funded by industry are not conducted by industry scientists, but by independent contract research labs that also conduct similar kinds of studies for the food and pharmaceutical sectors.  These research labs comply with federal and international guidelines (known as Good Laboratory Practices (GLPs) on the conduct of research.  These labs would not be in business, nor would their results be acceptable to global regulators, if they did not accurately and consistently conduct these studies according to well established protocols and methods and prepare the results for the groups that have sponsored the studies.  These labs are also subject to inspection by federal agencies.

Posted on July 21, 2017
GMOs aren't really added directly to the meat, beef.  However, beef cattle may consume feed that comes from a genetically modified plant. All beef cattle begin their lives on a farm or ranch, grazing pasture or grass - none of which is considered a GMO. For many cows this will be their sole source of feed for their lifetime. Some cattle receive rations of grain, which may contain corn or soybeans, both of which have genetically modified hybrids and varieties. ... Read More
Posted on March 28, 2017
Thanks for the question, which I will address in two ways here.   1. What are three ways that organisms are modified by scientists? Here I will focus only on plants.   a. Agrobacterium: Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Agro) is a naturally occurring soil organism that causes a disease in plants called crown gall disease. In the late 1970s, Mary-Dell Chilton discovered that Agro actually transfers genes (DNA) from the Agro to the plant cell, where it becomes integrated into the plant... Read More
Posted on March 2, 2017
First of all, to clarify – hybridization is part of conventional breeding and conventional breeding uses hybridization to create new combinations of genes from parent varieties. For example, a disease-resistant wheat variety may be hybridized to a variety that makes flour better suited for making whole wheat bread. This is a common goal of most conventional breeding programs. It typically involves taking pollen from one parent and using it to fertilize another parent. The... Read More