Veronica's picture
I have seen repeatedly on this website that GMOs are safe, healthy and nutritious but I don't see any links to these studies. Could you please provide the links.?

A:Expert Answer

We invite you to review our GMOs and Health section which has more information on this topic, available here.

Additionally, following are several excellent options:


There are hundreds of independent studies demonstrating that GM food does not raise any new concerns, and you can find those by following this link to BioFortified’s website:


  • From 2001-2010, the European Commission funded more than 50 studies in Europe alone at a cost of >200million EUROs and performed by more than 400 research groups.  These studies are summarized in A Decade of EU-Funded GMO Research. (NOTE: Please click on the study title to follow the link to the studies.) 
  • A 2012 literature review by Snell et al provides a good summary of feeding studies with diets containing large amounts of GMO-derived ingredients, and it can be accessed through this link:  (Snell C, Bernheim A, Bergé JB, Kuntz M, Pascal G, Paris A, Ricroch AE. 2012. Assessment of the health impact of GM plant diets in long-term and multigenerational animal feeding trials: a literature review. Food Chem Toxicol. 50:1134-48).
  • A list of organizations from around the world who have found that genetically modified crops are as safe as their conventional counterparts is available here.
  • Information from the FDA regarding the health and safety of food derived from genetic engineering is available here:
  • You may also be interested in the information from Sense About Science, an independent trust in the UK that works with over 5,000 scientists to help the public make sense of claims about scientific evidence, available here.
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WillingToListen's picture

This is the link that I have seen all over this site.

Dominick Dickerson's picture

I think the issue here is one where people are looking to scientific studies to say things that scientific studies just can't say. You won't find a scientific study saying that GMOs are safe because that's not what the study's look for. This confusion likely stems from lay person ignorance of how hypotheses are tested. You don't look for safety you look for evidence of harm which is what the studies do. And the body evidence indicates that genetic engineering as a means to generate new varieties of crops is no more dangerous than other methods in plant breeding.

Community Manager's picture

Thanks for participating in the discussion on GMO Answers! You might be interested in this response about safety studies from Dr. Peter Davies, professor of plant physiology and international professor of plant biology at Cornell University:

Lisa's picture

There are a variety of methods of GE breeding. Some are more likely to cause unintended consequences than others. This points up the idea that, depending on the types of alterations being engineered, and depending on the methods used to do so - more or less regulatory investigation may be be required than what we have now (for instance in the case of nutritionally enhanced GE foods). As of now, there is no differentiation, and there are no specific tests required based on GE method or the relationship between the species being crossed.

Also, the list of studies collected by doesn't demonstrate that GM food does not raise any new concerns. GENERA is a random collection of studies pertaining to GE crops and says nothing at all about the literature as a whole regarding GE foods and their safety.

One meta-study you may wish to add to your list is this one from JL Domingo:
"A literature review on the safety assessment of genetically modified plants"