QHas there ever been a study analyzing GMOs and electrons and free radicals? In other words, does the process of genetic manipulation influence or affect electrons, or create free radicals in any way?

Has there ever been a study analyzing GMOs and electrons and free radicals? In other words, does the process of genetic manipulation influence or affect electrons, or create free radicals in any way?

AExpert Answer

I am not aware of a study that has specifically analyzed GMOs and electrons or free radicals, probably because there is no good reason to investigate this. Electron emission (e.g., ionization such as that caused by radioactive isotopes) or free radicals are typically damaging to all cells and thus life. This is why low doses of radiation are effective in sterilizing food products. Because GMOs are living and typically function just as effectively as their non-GM counterparts, they are not likely to create free radicals or induce ionization.

Posted on July 21, 2017
GMOs aren't really added directly to the meat, beef.  However, beef cattle may consume feed that comes from a genetically modified plant. All beef cattle begin their lives on a farm or ranch, grazing pasture or grass - none of which is considered a GMO. For many cows this will be their sole source of feed for their lifetime. Some cattle receive rations of grain, which may contain corn or soybeans, both of which have genetically modified hybrids and varieties. ... Read More
Posted on March 28, 2017
Thanks for the question, which I will address in two ways here.   1. What are three ways that organisms are modified by scientists? Here I will focus only on plants.   a. Agrobacterium: Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Agro) is a naturally occurring soil organism that causes a disease in plants called crown gall disease. In the late 1970s, Mary-Dell Chilton discovered that Agro actually transfers genes (DNA) from the Agro to the plant cell, where it becomes integrated into the plant... Read More
Posted on March 2, 2017
First of all, to clarify – hybridization is part of conventional breeding and conventional breeding uses hybridization to create new combinations of genes from parent varieties. For example, a disease-resistant wheat variety may be hybridized to a variety that makes flour better suited for making whole wheat bread. This is a common goal of most conventional breeding programs. It typically involves taking pollen from one parent and using it to fertilize another parent. The... Read More