Steven L. Levine, Ph.D.

Global Lead- Ecotoxicology and Environmental Risk Assessment, Monsanto Company

I have worked in the field of ecotoxicology for over 25 years. I grew up along the shores of Lake Michigan and developed a passion for studying aquatic animals, which led me to M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in aquatic toxicology. After a NIH Post-Doctoral Fellowship in toxicology at Pennsylvania State University I joined Monsanto. At Monsanto I have worked as an ecotoxicologist supporting the chemical and biotech crop protection portfolios within the Regulatory Sciences

From this Expert

Posted On: Tuesday, 5/31/2016 2:26 pm
A: In summary: Some reasons for the conflicting results between the existing findings supporting glyphosate’s environmental safety and the current results from Cuhra et al. include:   • The formulation used in the current study is for home and garden use which is meant for relatively small areas (e.g. spot control of weeds) and not for aquatic applications. When used as directed, exposure to aquatic organism is unlikely.   • Inadvertent exposures of aquatic organisms... Continue Reading
Posted On: Saturday, 2/27/2016 9:52 pm
A: Glyphosate does not cause a flush of bacterial growth in soil that might benefit the next growth of weed seeds. Studies showed us that glyphosate and AMPA have no short-term or long-term effects on soil bacterial populations.   Glyphosate does not cause a flush of bacterial growth in soil that might benefit the next growth of weed seeds. A flush of bacterial growth in soil would result from significant inputs of nutrients to the soil. The levels of carbon, phosphorous and nitrogen... Continue Reading
Posted On: Wednesday, 11/06/2013 4:07 pm
A: Earthworms, along with other soil macroorganisms, provide essential ecosystem services. In the most important book written on earthworms in the last 100 years, Edwards and Bohlen (Biology and Ecology of Earthworms, 1996) examined the potential impact of many agricultural products on earthworms. The authors rank the toxicity of active ingredients to earthworms using a scale of 0 (relatively nontoxic) to 3 (extremely toxic). Glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup formulations, is ranked 0... Continue Reading
Posted On: Monday, 8/05/2013 1:47 pm
A: There are data that suggest this, but the simple fact is that these studies utilized conditions that are not relevant to real-world exposures.  These studies were conducted either using exposure routes (e.g. injection or cell culture) not relevant for environmental exposure or using exposure concentrations or durations that greatly exceed worst-case environmental exposures, and environmental fate has not been included in the exposure regimen. Consequently, these types of studies must be... Continue Reading
No Studies were Found.