Bringing a new GMO to market involves extensive safety and environmental review by regulatory bodies around the world. More than 70 government bodies globally review and regulate GMOs. In many countries, multiple agencies are involved in the regulation of GMOs. More than 90 government bodies globally review and approve GMOs1. In the United States, agencies including U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) review GMOs.
As of 2013, GMOs are grown, imported and/or used in 70 countries2. Each of these countries has its own rigorous certification process.
Sources: ISAAA, Biotechnology Industry Organization, USDA Foreign Agriculture Service, Africa Biosafety Network of Expertise (ABNE).
See a more detailed list of each country by color category here.
A single GM seed often goes through numerous regulatory reviews in countries all over the world. To see examples of specific GM products and the countries where they have received approvals, click here. In the United States, more than 75 different studies are conducted to demonstrate each new GMO is safe to grow, safe for the environment and beneficial insects, and safe to eat3.
Readily available to the public are extensive databases on the international approval processes for GMOs as well as details on the safety and environmental testing done by companies bringing these products to market.
For a database sharing regulatory approval information from around the world, visit the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications.
1Includes agencies reviewing new biotechnology applications from 62 individual countries and 28 EU member countries
2Country count cited by ISAAA.org
3Estimated numbers from DuPont Pioneer based on studies from recent biotech applications