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Q: I am under the impression that monocropping and not specifically GMOmonocropping is responsible for agricultures threat to the environment. My impression is that land management practices such as beneficial insect attractors, crop biodiversity and...
Posted On: Tuesday, 7/01/2014 8:04 pm
Answered By: Stephen Moose, Professor of Plant Functional Genomics, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois on Friday, 8/01/2014 10:53 am
A: Your question reflects a common view that “monocropping” and the use of agrichemicals damage the environment, and that alternative diversified cropping systems can reduce these threats. This is clearly an over simplification of the reality, as all agricultural production systems are complex and balance a number of trade-offs between economic productivity and environmental sustainability. Very few agricultural systems are true “monocrops,” except for perhaps at scale of individual fields,... Continue Reading
Q: It is my understanding as a graduate student in molecular anthropology that we consider anything that has been domesticated as a GMO, because domestication is one of the earliest forms of genetic engineering. I was wondering whenever I hear GMOs...
Posted On: Saturday, 7/12/2014 8:10 pm
Answered By: Dennis Gray, Professor of Developmental Biology, University of Florida on Friday, 8/01/2014 10:52 am
A: I agree that it has essentially has been a lapse on scientists’ part not to express this “truth” whenever appropriate. I believe that allowing the definition of “GMO” to be limited to the use of modern scientific technologies has, over time, caused its placement within the context of genetic improvement to be lost. Especially for non-specialists, there seems to be a tendency to not understand that all foodstuff contain DNA and with no to few exceptions, were and are deliberately modified by... Continue Reading
Q: What is the application rate equivalence for a field of BT corn vs a field of Organic corn spraying BT as an insecticide?
Posted On: Tuesday, 7/08/2014 3:36 pm
Answered By: Peter J. Davies, Professor of Plant Physiology and International Professor of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca New York, USA on Friday, 8/01/2014 10:38 am
A: What a great question! It even caused me to put down my breakfast of coffee and mixed GMO and non-GMO grain cereal. Note in passing that, worldwide, coffee is being devastated by coffee rust disease: resistance has been discovered, but one way to protect our crops from disease in the future will be biotechnology. An example of this is GMO blight-resistant chestnut, where a gene from wheat destroys the plant-damaging toxic chemical produced by the fungus, so rendering the tree disease-resistant... Continue Reading
Posted On: Wednesday, 11/06/2013 4:07 pm
Answered By: Steven L. Levine, Ph.D., Global Lead- Ecotoxicology and Environmental Risk Assessment, Monsanto Company on Friday, 7/25/2014 1:32 pm
A: Earthworms, along with other soil macroorganisms, provide essential ecosystem services. In the most important book written on earthworms in the last 100 years, Edwards and Bohlen (Biology and Ecology of Earthworms, 1996) examined the potential impact of many agricultural products on earthworms. The authors rank the toxicity of active ingredients to earthworms using a scale of 0 (relatively nontoxic) to 3 (extremely toxic). Glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup formulations, is ranked 0... Continue Reading
Q: Where can I find a Peer Reviewed Double Blind Placebo Controlled Study that has been published that has NOT been done by anyone affiliated with Monsanto or any other company with a crap load of money can pay for to have the outcome they want to have...
Posted On: Wednesday, 7/31/2013 11:09 am
Answered By: John Vicini, Ph.D., Food Safety Scientific Affairs Lead, Monsanto Company on Friday, 7/25/2014 1:29 pm
A: You won’t find one if you are talking about a randomized, blind, controlled clinical study with human subjects to establish the safety of GM crops. This model is not used to establish food safety. There are several studies of nutritionally altered GM crops with expected biological effect. These were paid for by Monsanto, and I will talk below about why these were conducted. In general, a question on human studies was answered on this site previously, but please allow me to explain the... Continue Reading