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Q: I have heard that Europe does not allow GMO seeds. If I buy pasta from Italy and Oatmeal from Ireland are they GMO free?
Posted On: Friday, 1/16/2015 3:10 pm
Answered By: Katarzyna Jasik, Communications Manager, Agricultural Biotechnology, EuropaBio on Friday, 1/30/2015 3:24 pm
A: There is only one GM crop approved for cultivation in the EU - an insect resistant maize, which has been cultivated in Europe since 1998 in five countries (Spain, Portugal, The Czech Republic, Romania and Slovakia), but around 50 GM crops can be imported into the EU. Regarding commercially produced dry pasta, it is made almost exclusively from durum (so called "hard wheat"). As of today no GM wheat is grown commercially, not in Europe nor... Continue Reading
Posted On: Friday, 12/05/2014 12:22 pm
Answered By: Robert Wager M.Sc., Faculty Member, Biology Department, Vancouver Island University in Nanaimo BC Canada on Friday, 1/30/2015 3:05 pm
A: When discussing safety of GM crops and derived food it is easier to separate the food safety aspects from the environmental aspects. This answer will deal with food safety issues. Every GM crop is extensively tested for food safety considerations before it is allowed to be commercialized. The testing protocols are based on internationally agreed criteria (OECD, WHO). A good document that outlines the testing protocols is the Guidance for risk assessment of food and... Continue Reading
Q: Have any engineered crop genes ended up in wild, weedy, or otherwise freeliving populations of crop relatives?
Posted On: Monday, 6/02/2014 6:29 pm
Answered By: Michael Horak, Weed Resistance Platform Lead, Monsanto Company on Friday, 1/23/2015 1:05 pm
A: In order for genes to move from one plant to another, cross pollination must occur. Cross pollination among plants is a natural biological process that can occur between closely related plants. Generally, the more closely related two plant species are, the greater the chance that they can cross pollinate and hybridize with one another. In rare cases cross pollination can occur between plants that are more distantly related (such as between different species, but almost never... Continue Reading
Posted On: Saturday, 12/27/2014 6:50 pm
Answered By: René Custers, Regulatory & Responsible Research Manager, VIB Flemish Institute of Biotechnology on Friday, 1/23/2015 12:59 pm
A: In Belgium, weeds in maize are mostly a problem in the early phases of the development of the crop. The application of current herbicides on non-GM maize may have a negative impact on the development of the maize, depending on the time of application and the concentration of herbicide used. Maize that would be tolerant to broad-spectrum herbicides, such as glyphosate would make weed control much easier, without a risk of effects on the development of the crop. It would also lead to a... Continue Reading
Posted On: Saturday, 12/13/2014 5:29 pm
Answered By: Lawson Mozley, Farmer on Friday, 1/23/2015 12:56 pm
A: Though many crops that farmers grow today grow faster than those that our ancestors grew, this is not due to genetic engineering or transgenic crops. Transgenic crops that have so far been released grow at the same rate as any other variety developed within a similar timeframe. While there are differences in growth rate, even within very similar genetic lines, this is entirely natural in its occurrence. Plant breeders have been breeding more quickly maturing lines of corn,... Continue Reading