Bringing a new GMO to market involves extensive safety and environmental reviews by regulatory bodies around the world. In addition to the review process conducted in the U.S. by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), we seek regulatory approval throughout the world. There are 74 countries that currently certify GM products for cultivation (growing), food import for people, feed import for animals and/or trials and testing. These countries have their own rigorous certification processes. In 2012, 28 countries grew GMOs and even more imported GMOs.
This map shows where in the world GMOs are approved for cultivation, food, feed and trial.
Sources: ISAAA, Biotechnology Industry Organization, USDA Foreign Agriculture Service, Africa Biosafety Network of Expertise (ABNE).
A single GM seed often goes through numerous regulatory reviews in countries all over the world. To see examples of specific GM products and the countries where they have received approvals, click here.
Readily available to the public are extensive databases on the international approval processes for GMOs as well as details on the safety and environmental testing done by companies bringing these products to market.
For a database sharing regulatory approval information from around the world, go to the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications at http://www.isaaa.org/gmapprovaldatabase/default.asp