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Production of genetically engineered plants, aka, plant transformation, is probably one of the safest techniques in a science laboratory. In fact, plant transformation in a lab is safer than most home kitchens. Most genetic modification that takes place these days is done through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Agrobacterium is a very common soil bacterium (using horizontal gene transfer to cause tumors in plants) and is not a human pathogen. Occasionally, particle bombardment is also...

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In terms of the science behind the technology to create GMOs, scientists have a much better understanding how a transgene is delivered and stably integrated into a chromosome (or genome). Many GMO products, such as Bt corn, were made using Agrobacterium cells to deliver useful trait genes into the plant cells. Scientists were able to dissect the different steps of this natural gene delivery system encoded by Agrobacterium. We now have a good understanding of the interactions between...

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A former response to a similar question answered by Dave Kovalic, Regulatory New Technology Lead at Monsanto, also provides information on scientific advancements and how they [Monsanto] affirm safety prior to targeted vector insertion.  ...

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Technically, you can mix traits among species, which is how transgenic work is done. The first transgenic mouse was introduced with the human growth hormone gene, and by overexpressing the growth hormone, the mouse grew bigger, but not the same as human size. This is more like the function of the gene. Whether it can mix the physical features between species will be different, but something like a chimera study that mixes animals of two strains might carry physical features of both. However,...

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Technically, you can mix traits among species, which is how transgenic work is done. The first transgenic mouse was introduced with the human growth hormone gene, and by overexpressing the growth hormone, the mouse grew bigger, but not the same as human size. This is more like the function of the gene. Whether it can mix the physical features between species will be different, but something like a chimera study that mixes animals of two strains might carry physical features of both. However,...

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This question was previously answered here.   We hope this answers your question. If you have any additional questions, please ask.

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While we cannot answer and speak to that specific situation, below is some information we think you might find helpful. There are a couple ways to genetically modify plants. This response explains the different ways plants are modified to produce a GMO. Kevin Folta, Interim Chair and Associate Professor in the Horticultural Sciences Department at University of Florida, also created a video in this response that explains the difference between GMO cross breeding and cross pollination. ...

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Biotechnology as a discipline focuses on understanding molecular biology and has applications in medicine/health, environmental science, industrial products and agriculture. Biotechnology is widely used in all these sectors. I will focus my answer on agricultural biotechnology. ...

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You may have heard about “pink pineapples” (made by Del Monte Fresh Produce) and this article from last year explains more about them and the details/review process surrounding them. ...

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While there might be some institutions with the capability to make these transgenic watermelon and coconut plants for you, that does not mean that you would be able to actually plant them out. First, the institution would need to have a Biological Use Authorization to work with recombinant DNA to make the vectors to transfer the genes. Then they would need to be able to do the tissue culture required to transfer the genes and regenerate whole plants again, which can sometimes be difficult....

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