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Q: Hormones are in the 1 part per billion. Having glycophosphate levels of 1 part per million may be the cause in the increases in animal tumors and cancers I have observed.

A: You mention hormones being active at parts per billion concentrations. So, what I think that you are asking is - if hormones are active at parts per billion and glyphosate is present at higher concentrations (i.e., parts per million) why isn’t glyphosate causing problems? Perhaps the best answer is that the activity (either a pharmacologic action or a toxic action) of chemicals (either a naturally occurring chemical such as a hormone [yes hormones are chemicals] or man-made chemicals [such as glyphosate]) varies considerably between chemicals and is dependent on how much of a chemical rea [...]

Answered By Robert H. Poppenga, DVM, PhD, DABVT - May 09, 2019


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Q: Please, help me with phone number to contact, I am interested in GMO's, I want to buy the seed (beans). I am living in Abuja Nigeria. Between Abuja and Kaduna are convenient to me to go and buy the seed.

A: In January 2019, Nigeria’s biotech regulatory agency, the National Biosafety Management Agency (NBMA), approved the environmental release of GM cowpea (beans) – the first genetically modified (GM) food crop to be approved in Nigeria. This decision marks the beginning of the commercialization process. According to the director-general of NBMA, Dr. Rufus Ebegba, it could take about one year before the seed comes into the market. In the meantime, we recommend that you reach out to your local seed provider for further information.   You might be interested to hear that in addition to G [...]

Answered By Community Manager - May 09, 2019


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Q: Differenice between the methodsame used by india ,china,usa to increase productivity of bt cotton

A: Farmers in India, China and the US utilize Bt Cotton varieties within their farming practices.  According to the recent PG Economics report, these 3 countries have “close to or more than 90 percent adoption of biotech cotton”. For a deeper review on country/crop specific information in relations to biotech crops (or just Bt Cotton) grown around the world and the economic  and environmental benefits, I recommend these two reports: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2017 and GM crops: global socio-economic and environmental impacts 1996-2016.  See here for highlight [...]

Answered By Luis Burzio, PhD, Biotech Reg Affairs Cotton Lead, Bayer Company - May 09, 2019


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Q: Are chemicals or drugs used?

A: There are many breeding techniques utilized in modern agriculture including selective breeding, mutagenesis and genetic engineering, among others. Beginning in the 1920s, plant breeders started seeking more diversity than they were able to achieve through selective breeding to create new traits. Through mutagenesis they began to make changes in plant deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) by exposing seeds to chemicals or gamma irradiation and then selecting the plants that displayed the traits they wanted. More than 3,200 varieties of commonly consumed plant products have been developed using mutag [...]

Answered By Community Manager - May 09, 2019


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Q: Are hybirds gm?

A: A hybrid is a plant that is the result of crossing two species or varieties. Hybridization can happen naturally, but is most often an intentional way to select traits from two plants with the goal of maximizing those in the offspring plant. This process can be part of traditional plant breeding methods, but some hybrids are also GM crops if either one or both parents used in a cross are transgenic plants. For example, corn is one of the most widely hybridized crops in the world, and farmers have been using hybrid corn varieties for about a century. Using biotechnology, breeders can also ad [...]

Answered By Community Manager - May 09, 2019


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Q: Is genetically modified foods ultimately bad for humans?

A: GMOs are safe to eat. That is the overwhelming consensus of scientific experts and major scientific authorities around the world, including the World Health Organization, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization and American Medical Association. In fact, there have been more than 1,700 studies on the safety of GMOs, hundreds of which were independently funded.   In the spring of 2016, a panel of more than 20 scientists, researchers, agricultural and industry experts with the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine (NAS) reviewed over [...]

Answered By Community Manager - May 09, 2019


Questions and Answers

Q: why do some experts choose not to engage in genetic modification

A: I think that you are referring to the technique of genetic engineering. Scientific disciplines are wide and varied. Just within the agricultural space alone there are all kinds of experts such as plant breeders, plant geneticists, plant biochemists and more that work to develop new plant and crop varieties. Some use conventional breeding techniques while others use genetic engineering tools. The technique used depends upon research objectives, goals, resources, timing, etc. The chart below compares and contrasts modern methods of seed improvement.     It’s important to [...]

Answered By Community Manager - May 03, 2019


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Q: Hello! I am a student at Del Sol High School here in Nevada and I would like to ask is, How much would it cost if a GMO farm were to convert to Organic farm? Thank you Sincerely John Bardoles

A: That’s a great question, and not an easy one to answer. It depends! The most obvious cost for a farm that wants to transition from GM to USDA certified organic is the certification cost. In order to market products as “organic,” farmers must be certified by a USDA-accredited certifying agent who insures that the farmers are only using allowed practices on their farm, a major limitation being a general prohibition on the use of GMO’s and synthetic pesticides. Organic certification agencies normally charge an application fee, annual renewal fee, an assessment based on production o [...]

Answered By Janet Carpenter - May 03, 2019


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Q: What are the disadvantages of GM foods?

A: Nothing is ever perfect. As Rob Wager, faculty member at Vancouver Island University explains in a previous response, “GM crops have been quite successful since they arrived on the market 20 years ago … That is not to say there are no significant issues — there most definitely are. However, when one looks at the legitimate issues with GM crops, the vast majority are not unique to GM crops and are equally applicable to other forms of agriculture.” He cites a few common issues, including high seed and regulatory costs, germ-line biodiversity, cross-pollination, fertilizer use and herbicid [...]

Answered By Community Manager - Apr 15, 2019


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Q: What is the process of the production of GMO wheat? Flowchart?

A: There is no GMO wheat commercially available anywhere in the world. There are just 10 GMO crops commercially available in the U.S. today. Those crops are alfalfa, apples, canola, corn (field and sweet), cotton, papaya, potatoes, soybeans, squash and sugar beets.  However, posted below is a five-minute video that offers a great visual illustration of how GMOs are made.   We hope this answers your question, if you have any other questions about GMOs or biotechnology, please ask here! [...]

Answered By Community Manager - Apr 15, 2019


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