Qwhich diseases are GMO crops resistant to
Question submitted By: falconfelinewhich diseases are GMO crops resistant to
Thank you for your question. One of our experts will get back to you soon.
Posted on March 28, 2017
Response from: Allan Wenck, Head of US Trait Validation Operations, Bayer • on June 12, 2017
Thanks for the question, which I will address in two ways here. 1. What are three ways that organisms are modified by scientists? Here I will focus only on plants. a. Agrobacterium: Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Agro) is a naturally occurring soil organism that causes a disease in plants called crown gall disease. In the late 1970s, Mary-Dell Chilton discovered that Agro actually transfers genes (DNA) from the Agro to the plant cell, where it becomes integrated into the plant... Read More
Posted on March 2, 2017
Response from: Edward Souza, Global Director, Wheat Breeding, Bayer • on June 12, 2017
First of all, to clarify – hybridization is part of conventional breeding and conventional breeding uses hybridization to create new combinations of genes from parent varieties. For example, a disease-resistant wheat variety may be hybridized to a variety that makes flour better suited for making whole wheat bread. This is a common goal of most conventional breeding programs. It typically involves taking pollen from one parent and using it to fertilize another parent. The... Read More
Are there already virioids discovered or can be artificially designed, which have harmful effects for humans or insects?
Posted on December 1, 2016
Response from: Allan Felsot, Professor and Extension Specialist, Washington State University • on June 12, 2017
Viroids are very small pieces of circular RNA that have the potential of causing plant diseases. These entities are infectious agents that are different from viruses because they have no protein coat encircling their genetic material. Thus far, viroids are only known to be effective infectious agents in plants. Viroids have not been associated with any animal disease, and they have not been found in animal cells and tissues. Biotechnological tools are being used in... Read More