QIf an unmodified, wild Agrobacterium Rhizogenes is used to produce hairy root, is it catheterized as GMO? where i can find regulations for this?

If an unmodified, wild Agrobacterium Rhizogenes is used to produce hairy root, is it catheterized as GMO? where i can find regulations for this?

AExpert Answer

In addition to the below, the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) regulates the use and release of plant pathogens, either genetically engineered or not. The Biotechnology Regulatory Services (BRS), which is within APHIS, has recently replied to a request for guidance on the use of naturally occurring isolate of Agrobacterium rhizogenes  - to induce a reduction in height in ornamental kalanchoe plants. You can find the BRS response regarding the regulatory status of the resulting plants here

AExpert Answer

Thank you for your question. There are various aspects of your question. I assume your question refers to the use of Agrobacterium rhizogenes by scientists to intentionally transfer genes from the bacterium to plants. Infection and DNA transfer from this bacterium occurs in nature all the time to cause disease. Such transformed plants are not classified as GMOs since transfer occurred naturally. If this is done by scientists then it would be classified as a GMO. Rules and regulations about GMOs are covered by the USDA, FDA and EPA. An overview can be found here. Each agency has its own set of particular rules and regulations, but all regulations deal with the insertion of foreign DNA by man. The foreign DNA can be of any source and would include vector sequences from Agrobacterium rhizogenes, Agrobacterium tumerfaciens or any other vector.

Your question reminds me of the recent finding that sweet potato was naturally transformed by the T-DNA from Agrobacterium tumerfaciens early in its evolution. Hence, the sweet potatoes we eat are as “transgenic” as the BT and round-up corn and soybeans we have, yet the sweet potato is not considered a GMO. This example points out the contradictory way we approach GM foods today.

Posted on May 14, 2018
A GMO plant can be made to produce different chemicals. At the initial level the products of added genes are proteins, but proteins can also function as enzymes i.e., they cause chemical reactions and these chemicals can affect growth. A bigger plant could be one that produces more tissue in a given time, or it could be one that is taller; these are different situations. More mass: For a plant to grow bigger it has to make better use of the available resources, such as light and CO2 for... Read More
Answer:
Posted on February 28, 2018
Some companies do voluntarily have statements that products have ingredients sourced from crops grown from genetically engineered seeds. Some examples are statements like, “Produced with genetic engineering” or “Partially Produced with Genetic Engineering” that appear under the list of ingredients.  Read More
Answer:
Posted on July 30, 2018
Genetic engineering (GE) touches on the routine life of billions of people (but not everyone). Food, clothes, and medicine are commonly made with the help of genetically engineered organisms. Certain medicines, like insulin, could only be mass-produced this way. Fiber for clothes is made less expensive thanks to GE cotton plants. You also PROBABLY sometimes eat plants with a few engineered genes, depending on where you live. But genetic engineering isn’t just for making new or better... Read More
Answer: