QAbout regulation... Another answer by Steve Savage says the following -- "The USDA considers whether there are any “plant pest” issues with the specific crop and trait such as the ability to cross with weedy relatives." and "The EPA gets involved if

About regulation... Another answer by Steve Savage says the following -- "The USDA considers whether there are any “plant pest” issues with the specific crop and trait such as the ability to cross with weedy relatives." and "The EPA gets involved if there is anything pesticide-related to do with the trait such as tolerance to a herbicide". Ok, so we now have proof that Roundup Ready cotton has crossed with Pig Weed, and according to a NY Times article Monsanto is actually funding the use of highly toxic herbicides to eradicate this super weed. So doesn't this mean that Roundup Ready products must be reviewed again, and possibly pulled from the market?

AExpert Answer

No, this is not an example of a biotech crop crossing with a weed. The “pig weed” in question here is actually what is known as Palmer Amaranth―a serious weed problem in its own right, regardless of herbicide tolerance. As with many other weeds that have become resistant to herbicides, including those long before biotechnology, it is not an issue of the tolerance moving to the weed by outcrossing, but rather that the use of the herbicide selects for resistant types that occur within the natural genetic diversity of the weed population. If anything, the issue has been that farmers have relied too heavily on Roundup and, in the case of this weed, have used it at lower rates that facilitated the adaptation of the resistant types over time. The best way to control weeds without selecting for resistance is to use different approaches over time to minimize that selection pressure. As for what herbicides are used to control the resistant types, they are not “highly toxic” in the sense that people imagine. They are toxic to the weed but generally not to animals, insects, etc. Weed control is, and always has been, a major challenge for farmers. Doing it with mechanical tillage mechanisms is problematic for the environment (erosion, loss of soil organic matter, high fuel consumption…). Herbicides, carefully and strategically used, are the best option.

Posted on November 17, 2017
When people refer to Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), they are referring to precision plant breeding using genetic engineering. It allows plant breeders to take a desirable trait (like resistance to drought, insects, weeds, and disease) from one plant or organism and transfer it to the plant they want to improve, as well as make a change to an existing trait in a plant they are developing. You may have also heard of agricultural biotechnology or biotech seeds.... Read More
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Posted on October 26, 2017
An "LMO" (Living Modified Organism) is basically a GMO that is alive and capable of passing on its genes to a subsequent generation. In most situations, the terms LMO and GMO are essentially synonymous, but neither term is really used by most biotechnologists! More on that below.    The term LMO was used in the Cartegena Protocol (basically a big document that came out of an international convention several years ago, more detailed info here.)   The reason we as... Read More
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Posted on October 6, 2017
Biotechnology as a discipline focuses on understanding molecular biology and has applications in medicine/health, environmental science, industrial products and agriculture. Biotechnology is widely used in all these sectors. I will focus my answer on agricultural biotechnology.   In many countries (e.g., Brazil, Canada, India, and the United States) a significant amount of agricultural research, especially basic research in molecular biology, is conducted by governmental agricultural... Read More